ارائه الگوی راهنمای ارزش‌گذاری اقتصادی و برآورد هزینه خسارات وارد بر خدمات زیست بومی تالاب‌های‌ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علمی اقتصاد محیط زیست، پژوهشکده محیطزیست و توسعه پایدار، سازمان حفاظت محیطزیست، تهران، ایران

2 گروه علمی اقتصاد محیط زیست، پژوهشکده محیطزیست و توسعه پایدار، سازمان حفاظت محیطزیست، تهران، ایران

چکیده

ارزش­گذاری اقتصادی خدمات اکوسیستم ابزاری مفید، به منظور پشتیبانی از تصمیم گیری در خصوص مدیریت اکوسیستم می­باشد و به تصمیم­گیران در جهت حفاظت بیشتر و مؤثرتر اکوسیستم کمک می­کند. در حال حاضر سیاستگذاران و برنامه ریزان، جعبه ابزارهای مناسب با دسترسی آسانی را برای ارزیابی ارزش اقتصادی اکوسیستم‌های تالاب در اختیار ندارند بدیهی است که استناد به مقادیر کمی و ریالی در بیان ارزش هر منبع، ابزاری کارا و مؤثر در جهت توجیه اهداف توسعه پایدار و حفاظت از محیط زیست خواهد بود و‌این مهم با در دست داشتن الگوی راهنمای مشخص امکان پذیر می­باشد. برآورد ارزش‌های اقتصادی و هزینه خسارات زیست محیطی اکوسیستم تالابی می­تواند در حفظ ارزشها و جلوگیری از تخریب آن مثمرثمر واقع گردد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف‌ایجاد یکپارچه سازی در بحث ارزشگذاری اقتصادی و برآورد هزینه خسارات  وارد بر خدمات زیست بومی تالابها به عنوان بخشی از فرآیند تعیین ارزش اقتصادی منابع طبیعی میباشد. وجود الگو و راهنمایی پایه و کاربردی در حوزه ارزش گذاری تالاب میتواند کاربران علاقه مند را در خصوص شناسایی ارزشها، انتخاب فنون ارزشگذاری متناسب با هر ارزش و به طور کل، هدایت در مسیر صحیح ارزش­گذاری کالاها و خدمات و نیز در اعمال سیاستهای مدیریتی و اجرایی منطبق با توسعه پایدار یاری نماید. در‌این مطالعه با مرور مقالات و دستورالعمل‌های منتشر شده منتخب مرتبط با موضوع تحقیق، مراحل گام به گام برآورد ارزش‌های اقتصادی و هزینه خسارات زیست محیطی تالاب ها ارائه شده است.

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